Brazilian Teak, or Cumaru, is widely used as hardwood flooring because of its hardness and elegant color. Brazilian Teak is one of the hardest species used for flooring. On the Janka Hardness scale it is given a rank of 3540. In comparison to other species, Brazilian Teak is 160-percent harder than Red Oak, 60-percent harder than Santos Mahogany, and only 2.5-percent softer than Brazilian Walnut. As for color, Brazilian Teak has a medium "champagne" reddish brown appearance. Brazilian Teak's grain has a distinct "stringy" pattern, which can range from straight to wavy.
Brazilian Teak can be purchased as either unfinished and prefinished. Unfinished Brazilian Teak can be found in all three grades: Select grade, Clear grade, and #1 Common grade. Clear grade is the highest grade, but can be difficult to obtain. Its high grade and rarity combined with Brazilian Teak's hardness and color make it very popular in high end homes and commercial businesses. If you are looking to install Brazilian Teak in your home, you may prefer a prefinished look. Prefinished Brazilian Teak comes with a fortified finish and makes installation easier. When Brazilian Teak comes prefinished it helps bring out the natural beauty of the exotic hardwood.
Working with Brazilian Teak can be more difficult due to its hardness. When working with Brazilian Teak, it is beneficial to predrill. By predrilling, you will decrease the chance of the wood splitting. It is also important to be careful when trying to cut Brazilian Teak because it will give resistance to blades due to its hardness. Brazilian Teak is very popular for hardwood floors but has many other applications. Because of Brazilian Teak's density and hardness it is can also be found in cabinetry, furniture, docks, decks, railroad ties, and heavy construction. Brazilian Teak is a great choice for many projects and is in abundance in South America. It is not endangered, but due to stricter regulations and less logging, the price tag for Brazilian Teak can be slightly higher in North America.